Goals, Values, and Priorities of Hospitalized Patients: Using a Structured Communication Tool to Engage Medical Students in Serious Illness Communication

Link to article at PubMed

J Palliat Med. 2023 Oct 25. doi: 10.1089/jpm.2023.0281. Online ahead of print.


Background: To build third-year medical students' serious illness communication skills, we implemented a structured communication tool-the VALUES tool-focused on patients' goals, values, and priorities and described students' experiences using this tool. Methods: Medical students participated in a social worker-led VALUES didactic and discussion with a patient on the palliative care consult service and, subsequently, completed an anonymous survey about their comfort with the VALUES tool and its usefulness for learning (5-point Likert scales). Results: Of the 142 medical students who participated in the VALUES didactic, 37 completed the survey (26%). The VALUES tool was rated highly in terms of usefulness (mean 4.5; standard deviation [SD] 0.7) and rated lower in terms of overall comfort (mean 3.7; SD 0.7). Conclusion: Our project explored the integration of a VALUES tool into medical student education, and we show that the tool is well rated by learners in terms of comfort and usefulness.

PMID:37878370 | DOI:10.1089/jpm.2023.0281

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