Clin Teach. 2023 Feb;20(1):e13556. doi: 10.1111/tct.13556. Epub 2022 Dec 4.
BACKGROUND: Nurse-doctor collaborations are essential for team-based patient care. Although there are increasing calls for interprofessional education, teaching and learning together is rare. In 2019, we designed a Nurse-Doctor Co-Teaching pilot programme to provide an opportunity for nurses and doctors to co-teach junior doctors and nurses. We aimed to explore the experiences of the co-teachers and understand their perceptions of teaching together. The study was conducted through the lens of positioning theory.
METHODS: We held an hour-long focus group discussion and follow-up one-on-one interviews with nurses and doctors who participated as co-teachers. Conversations were audio-video recorded, transcribed, and thematically analysed. The Partners Institutional Review Board approved this study.
RESULTS: Three nurses and four doctors participated in the focus group conversation, and four nurses and two doctors participated in individual interviews. Participant narratives provided insight into shifts in hospital culture that would be necessary to promote effective interprofessional learning and collaboration: (1) break down professional silos, (2) invite the nursing perspective, (3) flatten professional hierarchies, and (4) recognise nurses as clinical teachers.
CONCLUSION: Nurses and doctors felt they shared a collegial and equal partnership as co-teachers. But this relationship was not typical of their daily clinical roles. Institutional barriers presented challenges to collaboration on the hospital floor and nursing participation in teaching. Successful interprofessional education may require culture and policy shifts that formally recognise nurses as valuable clinical teachers.