Association between serum anion gap and risk of in-hospital mortality in patients with acute heart failure

Link to article at PubMed

Sci Rep. 2024 Feb 28;14(1):4858. doi: 10.1038/s41598-024-55658-6.


A high serum anion gap (AG) at the time of patient admission can lead to the deterioration or even death; data are lacking for patients who suffer acute heart failure (AHF). The present study aimed at exploring the impact of serum AG (SAG) levels on the in-hospital mortality in AHF patients. The study conducted retrospective analysis on the data from the medical information mart for intensive care (MIMIC-IV) database in severe AHF cases. Serum AG, age, sex, concomitant diseases and laboratory tests were collected from patients at admission. Multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression model together with Kaplan Meier (K-M) survival curve served for analyzing the relationship of serum AG with the hospital all-cause mortality (ACM). In addition, subgroup analysis assisted in assessing the concordance. Data from 2774 AHF patients were collected in the study. The hospital ACM rate was 9.2% (254/2774). After correcting potential confounders, multivariate analysis compared the high serum AG level (≥ 16 mmol/L) and the low serum AG level (< 16 mmol/L) (hazard ratio (HR): 1.89 [95% CI 1.42-2.51]). In a similar way, K-M survival curve indicated that hospital survival was lower in patients with high serum, suggesting that high serum AG level could lead to poor AHF prognosis. In patients with AHF, high serum AG level could increase the hospital ACM.

PMID:38418846 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-024-55658-6

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