Point-of-Care Ultrasound for the Diagnosis of Frequent Cardiovascular Diseases: A Review

Link to article at PubMed

Cureus. 2023 Dec 24;15(12):e51032. doi: 10.7759/cureus.51032. eCollection 2023 Dec.


Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) has emerged as an indispensable diagnostic tool in cardiology, particularly within the emergency department. This narrative synthesis provides a comprehensive exploration of POCUS applications in cardiovascular diseases, elucidating its multifaceted roles and addressing challenges. The review delves into the technical attributes of POCUS, emphasizing its non-invasive nature, radiation-free qualities, and suitability for non-radiologists. It navigates through educational strategies, stressing the importance of structured programs for the seamless integration of POCUS into clinical practice. Highlighting its efficacy, the synthesis discusses POCUS applications in various scenarios such as dyspnea, chest pain, cardiac arrest, aortic dissection, pericardial effusion, and pulmonary embolism. Beyond acute care, the review explores the role of POCUS in outpatient and inpatient settings, focusing on chronic and acute heart failure, valvular heart diseases, and more. Acknowledging operator-dependent challenges and the need for continuous education, the review underscores the transformative potential of POCUS across diverse healthcare settings. This narrative synthesis accentuates POCUS as a valuable and versatile diagnostic tool in cardiology, offering efficiency, safety, and cost-effectiveness. Despite challenges, POCUS stands out as a transformative addition to clinical practices, poised to enhance patient outcomes and reshape the landscape of cardiovascular diagnostics.

PMID:38264374 | PMC:PMC10805123 | DOI:10.7759/cureus.51032

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