Hospital-Onset Sepsis Warrants Expanded Investigation and Consideration as a Unique Clinical Entity

Link to article at PubMed

Chest. 2024 Jan 19:S0012-3692(24)00039-4. doi: 10.1016/j.chest.2024.01.028. Online ahead of print.


Sepsis causes more than a quarter million deaths among hospitalized adults in the United States each year. Although most cases of sepsis are present on admission, up to one quarter of patients with sepsis develop this highly morbid and mortal condition while hospitalized. Compared with patients with community-onset sepsis (COS), patients with hospital-onset sepsis (HOS) are twice as likely to require mechanical ventilation and ICU admission, have more than two times longer ICU and hospital length of stay, accrue five times higher hospital costs, and are twice as likely to die. Patients with HOS differ from those with COS with respect to underlying comorbidities, admitting diagnosis, clinical manifestations of infection, and severity of illness. Despite the differences between these patient populations, patients with HOS sepsis are understudied and warrant expanded investigation. Here, we outline important knowledge gaps in the recognition and management of HOS in adults and propose associated research priorities for investigators. Of particular importance are questions regarding standardization and reporting of research methods, understanding of clinical heterogeneity among patients with HOS, development of tailored management recommendations, optimization of care delivery and quality metrics, identification and correction of disparities in care and outcomes, and how to ensure goal-concordant care for patients with HOS.

PMID:38246522 | DOI:10.1016/j.chest.2024.01.028

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