High risk and low prevalence diseases: Myocarditis

Link to article at PubMed

Am J Emerg Med. 2024 Jan 9;78:81-88. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2024.01.007. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Myocarditis is a serious condition that carries with it a high rate of morbidity and mortality.

OBJECTIVE: This review highlights the pearls and pitfalls of myocarditis, including presentation, diagnosis, and management in the emergency department (ED) based on current evidence.

DISCUSSION: Myocarditis is an inflammatory syndrome of myocardium, most often resulting from a viral infection, that can cause life-threatening cardiovascular collapse. It has a highly variable presentation and no widely available specific diagnostic test, making it a challenging diagnosis. Emergency clinicians should obtain an electrocardiogram and perform bedside ultrasound to assess cardiac function. Treatment in the ED is largely supportive, focusing on resuscitation, cardiovascular support, cardiology specialist consultation, and appropriate disposition.

CONCLUSIONS: An understanding of myocarditis can assist emergency clinicians in diagnosing and managing this potentially deadly disease.

PMID:38241774 | DOI:10.1016/j.ajem.2024.01.007

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *