Impact of Limiting Vancomycin Loading Doses in Patients With Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus Infections After Hospital Protocol Revision

Link to article at PubMed

Hosp Pharm. 2024 Feb;59(1):118-125. doi: 10.1177/00185787231196435. Epub 2023 Aug 27.


Background: Vancomycin loading doses are commonly used to quickly attain target serum concentrations; however, data supporting their effect on clinical patient outcomes is limited. In April 2020, our institution revised our pharmacist-driven vancomycin dosing protocol to reserve loading doses for hemodynamically unstable patients with suspected serious methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections. Prior to the protocol update, all patients treated with vancomycin at our institution received a weight-based loading dose. The purpose of this study is to assess clinical efficacy and safety outcomes related to the use of vancomycin loading doses. Methods: A retrospective, quasi-experimental study was performed to compare clinical outcomes in adult patients treated with vancomycin for laboratory-confirmed MRSA infections. Patients who received vancomycin therapy prior to our institution's vancomycin dosing protocol revisions (pre-intervention) were compared to patients who received vancomycin after the revisions (post-intervention). The primary outcome was all-cause, inpatient mortality. Secondary outcomes included persistent signs and symptoms of infection ≥5 days after vancomycin initiation, switch to alternative anti-MRSA therapy, and nephrotoxicity. Results: A total of 122 patients (63 pre-intervention patients and 59 post-intervention patients) were included. Receipt of a vancomycin loading dose did not impact the rate of inpatient mortality (4.76%vs 6.78%; OR 1.46, 95% CI [0.31, 6.79]). All secondary outcomes were similar between the two groups, including persistent signs and symptoms of infection, switch to alternative anti-MRSA therapy, and nephrotoxicity. Conclusions: Routine use of vancomycin loading doses is not associated with improved outcomes in hemodynamically stable patients with MRSA infections.

PMID:38223860 | PMC:PMC10786050 | DOI:10.1177/00185787231196435

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