Efficacy and safety of macrolide therapy for adult asthma: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Link to article at PubMed

Respir Investig. 2024 Jan 9;62(2):206-215. doi: 10.1016/j.resinv.2023.12.015. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: The evidence for macrolide therapy in adult asthma is not properly established and remains controversial. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the efficacy and safety of macrolide therapy for adult asthma.

METHODS: We searched randomized controlled trials from MEDLINE via the PubMed, CENTRAL, and Ichushi Web databases. The primary outcome was asthma exacerbation. The secondary outcomes were serious adverse events (including mortality), asthma-related quality of life (symptom scales, Asthma Control Questionnaire, and Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire), rescue medication (puffs/day), respiratory function (morning peak expiratory flow, evening peak flow, and forced expiratory volume in 1 s), bronchial hyperresponsiveness, and minimum oral corticosteroid dose. Of the 805 studies, we selected seven studies for the meta-analysis, which was conducted using a random-effects model.

SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: University Hospital Medical Information Network Clinical Trials Registry (UMIN000050824).

RESULTS: No significant difference between macrolide and placebo for asthma exacerbations was observed (risk ratio 0.71, 95 % confidence interval [CI] 0.46-1.09; p = 0.12). Macrolide therapy for adult asthma showed a significant improvement in rescue medication with short-acting beta-agonists (mean difference -0.41, 95 % CI -0.78 to -0.04; p = 0.03). Macrolide therapy did not show more serious adverse events (odd ratio 0.61, 95 % CI 0.34-1.10; p = 0.10) than those with placebo. The other secondary outcomes were not significantly different between the macrolide and placebo groups.

CONCLUSIONS: Macrolide therapy for adult asthma may be more effective than placebo and could be a treatment option.

PMID:38211545 | DOI:10.1016/j.resinv.2023.12.015

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *