Comparative cardiovascular benefits of individual SGLT2 inhibitors in type 2 diabetes and heart failure: a systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Link to article at PubMed

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). 2023 Dec 20;14:1216160. doi: 10.3389/fendo.2023.1216160. eCollection 2023.


BACKGROUND: In patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and a history of heart failure (HF), sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT2is) have demonstrated cardiovascular (CV) benefits. However, the comparative efficacy of individual SGLT2is remains uncertain. This network meta-analysis (NMA) compared the efficacy and safety of five SGLT2is (canagliflozin, dapagliflozin, empagliflozin, ertugliflozin, and sotagliflozin) on CV outcomes in these patients.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched up to September 23, 2022, to identify all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing SGLT2is to placebo in T2D patients with HF. The main outcomes included composite CV death/heart failure hospitalization (HFH), HFH, CV death, all-cause mortality, and adverse events. Pairwise and NMA approaches were applied.

RESULTS: Our analysis included 11 RCTs with a total of 20,438 patients with T2D and HF. All SGLT2is significantly reduced HFH compared to standard of care (SoC) alone. "Add-on" SGLT2is, except ertugliflozin, significantly reduced composite CV death/HFH relative to SoC alone. Moreover, canagliflozin had lower composite CV death/HFH compared to dapagliflozin. Based on the surface under the cumulative ranking curve (SUCRA), the top-ranked SGLT2is for reducing HFH were canagliflozin (95.5%), sotagliflozin (66.0%), and empagliflozin (57.2%). Head-to-head comparisons found no significant differences between individual SGLT2is in reducing CV death. "Add-on" SGLT2is reduced all-cause mortality compared with SoC alone, although only dapagliflozin was statistically significant. No SGLT2is were significantly associated with serious adverse events. A sensitivity analysis focusing on HF-specific trials found that dapagliflozin, empagliflozin, and sotagliflozin significantly reduced composite CV death/HFH, consistent with the main analysis. However, no significant differences were identified from their head-to-head comparisons in the NMA. The SUCRA indicated that sotagliflozin had the highest probability of reducing composite CV death/HFH (97.6%), followed by empagliflozin (58.4%) and dapagliflozin (44.0%).

CONCLUSION: SGLT2is significantly reduce the composite CV death/HFH outcome. Among them, canagliflozin may be considered the preferred treatment for patients with diabetes and a history of heart failure, but it may also be associated with an increased risk of any adverse events compared to other SGLT2is. However, a sensitivity analysis focusing on HF-specific trials identified sotagliflozin as the most likely agent to reduce CV death/HFH, followed by empagliflozin and dapagliflozin.


PMID:38179304 | PMC:PMC10765518 | DOI:10.3389/fendo.2023.1216160

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