Rates of diabetic ketoacidosis with empagliflozin use during hospitalization for acute heart failure

Link to article at PubMed

J Hosp Med. 2024 Jan 3. doi: 10.1002/jhm.13268. Online ahead of print.


There is concern that sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors during hospitalization for acute heart failure (aHF) may precipitate diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). A retrospective study of all hospitalization encounters for aHF defined by a primary HF International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-10 code in 15 Kaiser Permanente Southern California medical centers hospitalized between January 1, 2021 and August 31, 2023 was performed to describe rates of DKA with empagliflozin use. DKA was defined by the presence of either a DKA ICD-10 code or ketoacidosis lab criteria (bicarbonate <18 mmol/L and urine ketone 1+ or more or elevated serum beta-hydroxybutyrate within 12 h) during hospitalization. Among 21,630 hospital encounters (15,518 patients) for aHF, 1678 (8%) had empagliflozin use. There were 2 (0.1%) probable DKA cases in empagliflozin encounters and 15 (0.1%) in nonexposed encounters. These rates were similar when stratified by diabetes status and ejection fraction. Empagliflozin may be safe during aHF hospitalization.

PMID:38169081 | DOI:10.1002/jhm.13268

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