Vericiguat treatment of heart failure: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Link to article at PubMed

World J Clin Cases. 2023 Dec 16;11(35):8330-8342. doi: 10.12998/wjcc.v11.i35.8330.


BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF), an end-stage manifestation of various cardiac diseases, poses an enormous economic and health burden on society. Vericiguat may be an effective drug in the treatment of HF.

AIM: To explore by meta-analysis the efficacy and safety of Vericiguat in treating chronic heart failure.

METHODS: Databases, including PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library, were searched to collect all published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on Vericiguat treatment of chronic heart failure from the earliest electronic records to those published in March 2023. Two investigators independently screened the literature according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, evaluated the quality of the studies, and extracted valid data before conducting a meta-analysis using RevMan5.4.

RESULTS: Four RCTs with 5919 patients were included, and the meta-analysis showed that treatment with 10 mg Vericiguat reduced the incidence of the primary endpoint (a composite of cardiovascular mortality and first heart-failure-related hospitalization) in patients with chronic heart failure compared to placebo [relative risk (RR) = 0.91, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.85-0.98, P = 0.01], and reduced the incidence of heart-failure-related hospitalization (RR = 0.92, 95%CI: 0.84-1.00, P = 0.05). However, for the incidence of cardiovascular and all-cause death, there were no significant differences between the Vericiguat and placebo groups. In addition, the two groups did not show significant differences in blood pressure, heart rate, and Kansas Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire physical limitation score. In terms of safety, 10 mg Vericiguat did not increase the risk of adverse effects in patients with chronic heart failure. Vericiguat may increase the risk of symptomatic hypotension (RR = 1.17, 95%CI: 0.98-1.39, P = 0.08) and syncope (RR = 1.18, 95%CI: 0.90-1.55, P = 0.24), but not significantly.

CONCLUSION: Vericiguat (10 mg) was more effective than placebo in treating patients with chronic heart failure and had a better safety profile.

PMID:38130613 | PMC:PMC10731201 | DOI:10.12998/wjcc.v11.i35.8330

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