Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors are associated with reduced risk of mortality and readmissions in heart failure

Link to article at PubMed

ESC Heart Fail. 2023 Nov 27. doi: 10.1002/ehf2.14582. Online ahead of print.


AIMS: Compelling evidence from randomized trials has shown that sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2is) are effective in heart failure (HF) across the spectrum of left ventricular ejection fractions. However, there are very few studies with real-world data.

METHODS AND RESULTS: A retrospective cohort analysis was performed based on patient-level data from the Swedish Heart Failure Registry (SwedeHF) linked with three other national registers. Patients included had an index registration between 3 September 2013 and 31 December 2020 in SwedeHF and were on treatment with guideline-recommended therapy without or with SGLT2i 3 months before or 6 months after their index registration. Endpoints were mortality or readmissions. Association between the use of SGLT2i and endpoints was studied using adjusted Cox models. In the overall cohort, 796/22 405 patients were included with/without SGLT2i. In patients with SGLT2i, 93.5% had diabetes mellitus. In the overall cohort, SGLT2i was statistically significantly associated with all-cause mortality {hazard ratio [HR]: 0.61 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.48-0.79], P < 0.0001}, cardiovascular mortality [HR: 0.29 (95% CI 0.17-0.50), P < 0.0001], cardiovascular mortality or HF readmission [HR: 0.89 (95% CI 0.80-1.00), P = 0.046], and all-cause readmissions [HR: 0.90 (95% CI 0.81-0.99), P = 0.038]. Similar results were obtained for the diabetes cohort. However, no association with cause-specific readmissions was observed.

CONCLUSIONS: This nationwide real-world study indicates that patients with HF, in which majority coexisted with diabetes mellitus, who received SGLT2i were statistically significantly associated with lower risk for all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, cardiovascular mortality or HF readmissions, and all-cause readmissions, in line with the randomized trials assessing SGLT2i.

PMID:38012065 | DOI:10.1002/ehf2.14582

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