SGLT2 Inhibitors to Slow Chronic Kidney Disease Progression: A Review

Link to article at PubMed

Clin Ther. 2024 Jan;46(1):e23-e28. doi: 10.1016/j.clinthera.2023.10.014. Epub 2023 Nov 10.


PURPOSE: One in seven Americans is at risk for chronic kidney disease (CKD). For decades, the only treatment proven to slow progression of CKD was the use of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors. Based on promising secondary kidney outcomes in the cardiovascular outcome trials with sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors, kidney outcome trials in patients with CKD were published for canagliflozin, dapagliflozin, and empagliflozin.

METHODS: A literature search was conducted of PubMed using the MeSH terms "Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 Inhibitors" and "Renal Insufficiency, Chronic" and looking for clinical trials, meta-analyses, or randomized controlled trials in humans between 2015 and 2023.

FINDINGS: Primary and secondary outcomes from CREDENCE (Canagliflozin and Renal Events in Diabetes with Established Nephropathy Clinical Evaluation), DAPA-CKD (Dapagliflozin and Prevention of Adverse Outcomes in Chronic Kidney Disease), and EMPA-KIDNEY (Empagliflozin in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease) are described along with complete descriptions of the patient populations studied.

IMPLICATIONS: This review describes the role of sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors in slowing the progression of CKD, describes guideline changes that have occurred because of these data, and provides information on how these agents may be used clinically.

PMID:37951783 | DOI:10.1016/j.clinthera.2023.10.014

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