Oritavancin vs Standard of Care for Treatment of Nonendovascular Gram-Positive Bloodstream Infections

Link to article at PubMed

Open Forum Infect Dis. 2023 Jul 31;10(11):ofad411. doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofad411. eCollection 2023 Nov.


BACKGROUND: Data is limited comparing oritavancin (ORT) to the standard-of-care (SOC) for the treatment gram-positive blood stream infections (BSI).

METHODS: This was a retrospective study of all patients in the Veteran's Affairs Health Care System treated with at least 1 dose of oritavancin or at least 5 days of vancomycin, daptomycin, ceftaroline, ampicillin, ampicillin-sulbactam, nafcillin, oxacillin, or cefazolin for a documented gram-positive BSI from 1 January 2015 to 30 June 2021. Patients with polymicrobial blood cultures or positive cultures from other sites were included if the organisms were sensitive to the incident antimicrobial; no concomitant antimicrobials could be used once the incident agent was started. Individuals were also excluded if they were diagnosed with endocarditis, had a neutrophil count 96-hours of treatment before the incident antimicrobial was started.The primary composite outcome was clinical failure, defined as all-cause mortality within 30-days from the end of therapy, or blood cultures positive for the incident organisms ≥72 hours after administration of the first dose and ≤30 days after the administration of the final dose of the study antimicrobial, or any drug or line-related readmissions within 30-days of hospital discharge.

RESULTS: Two hundred-forty patients were identified for screening with 96 meeting criteria (27 in ORT and 69 in SOC groups). Baseline characteristics were generally balanced between groups except more patients in the ORT group received >96-hours of treatment before the incident antimicrobial was started (70.3% (19/27) vs 13.04% 9/69); P < .001). The pathogen most prevalent was methicillin susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) (ORT 33.3% (9/27) vs SOC 46.4% (32/69)). Clinical failure occurred in 7.4% (2/27) in the ORT group and 17.4% (12/69) in SOC (P = .34). No components of the primary outcome were significantly different between groups, but AKI did occur more commonly in the SOC group (27.5% (19/69) vs 3.7% (1/27); P = .01).

CONCLUSIONS: ORT appears to be a safe and effective option when directly compared to the SOC for non-endocarditis BSIs.

PMID:37937043 | PMC:PMC10627338 | DOI:10.1093/ofid/ofad411

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