Changes in Oral Corticosteroid Utilization in Patients with COPD Following Initiation of FF/UMEC/VI

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Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 2023 Nov 1;18:2367-2379. doi: 10.2147/COPD.S419272. eCollection 2023.


PURPOSE: Oral corticosteroids (OCS) play a role in the treatment of acute chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations; however, chronic use is not recommended due to the high rate of systemic complications, development of comorbidities, and increased mortality. Data assessing the real-world impact of fluticasone furoate/umeclidinium/vilanterol (FF/UMEC/VI) on OCS utilization rates are limited. This study assessed the impact of FF/UMEC/VI on OCS use among patients with COPD previously treated with OCS.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective database study of patients with COPD aged ≥40 years who initiated FF/UMEC/VI from 1 November 2017 to 31 December 2018, identified through the MarketScan® Commercial and Medicare Supplemental databases. Patients were required to have ≥1 dispensing of an OCS prior to initiation of FF/UMEC/VI (index) and were followed up for 12 months post-index. OCS utilization patterns, potential OCS-related adverse events, healthcare resource utilization (HCRU), and costs were compared between the 12-month pre- and post-index periods.

RESULTS: A total of 2013 patients were identified (mean age 63.5 years, 55.7% female). The proportion of patients with ≥1 OCS claim decreased by 32.2% between the pre- and post-index period (67.8% vs 100%; p < 0.001). Comparing the post-index period to the pre-index period, mean number of OCS pharmacy claims per patient decreased from 3.3 to 2.5 (p < 0.001) and mean daily dose was reduced from 3.1 to 2.6 mg/day (p = 0.004); 30.0% of patients reduced their daily dose by 90-100%. Reductions were also seen in COPD-related HCRU. The proportion of patients with an inpatient admission for COPD decreased from 11.4% to 7.1% (p < 0.001), emergency room visits decreased from 23.1% to 17.4% (p < 0.001), and office visits from 97.5% to 90.1% (p < 0.001). Similar results were seen for all-cause HCRU.

CONCLUSION: Among patients with COPD with prior OCS use, FF/UMEC/VI initiation resulted in significant reductions in OCS utilization, COPD-related HCRU (including hospitalization), and all-cause HCRU.

PMID:37933243 | PMC:PMC10625739 | DOI:10.2147/COPD.S419272

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