Dorzagliatin for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Phase II/III Trials

Link to article at PubMed

Clin Ther. 2023 Sep 28:S0149-2918(23)00356-9. doi: 10.1016/j.clinthera.2023.09.011. Online ahead of print.


PURPOSE: Dorzagliatin is a glucokinase agonist with effects on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This study included a meta-analysis on the efficacy and safety of dorzagliatin in the treatment of T2DM.

METHODS: The Cochrane Central Registry of Controlled Trials, PubMed, and Embase were searched from inception to July 25, 2022. A total of 3 studies including 1333 patients were identified in this meta-analysis.

FINDINGS: Overall, the meta-analysis showed that dorzagliatin remarkably reduced glycated hemoglobin levels versus placebo by 0.66%. The results of the meta-analysis showed a significant reduction in fasting plasma glucose of 6.77 mg/dL between dorzagliatin and placebo. In addition, dorzagliatin reduced 2-hour postprandial glucose (2h-PPG) by 43.87 mg/dL compared with placebo. Furthermore, the meta-analysis of available data revealed a significant reduction in the Homeostasis Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance of 0.07 between dorzagliatin and placebo. The risk of adverse events was slightly higher with dorzagliatin than with placebo.

IMPLICATIONS: Dorzagliatin significantly reduced glycated hemoglobin levels, fasting plasma glucose levels, 2h-PPG, and homeostasis model assessment 2 of insulin resistance in patients with T2DM. It was well tolerated and had good liver and kidney safety profiles.

PMID:37777375 | DOI:10.1016/j.clinthera.2023.09.011

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