Cureus. 2023 Aug 24;15(8):e44054. doi: 10.7759/cureus.44054. eCollection 2023 Aug.
Cardiovascular disorders are one of the most frequent causes of death in people throughout the world. These disorders can account for the deaths of 31% of people worldwide. This systematic review examines the effectiveness of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors in lowering the likelihood of cardiovascular diseases. The study aimed to evaluate various types of research, including randomized controlled trials and observational studies, to analyze how SGLT2 inhibitors impact cardiovascular disorders and establish evidence-based recommendations for clinical practice. The data in this research study were collected from 19 relevant published research articles. The key findings emphasized the potential advantages of SGLT2 inhibitors in reducing major cardiovascular disorders, such as myocardial infarction and stroke. Nonetheless, the study had certain limitations, including reliance on existing literature, exclusion of articles published prior to 2018, and restriction to English-language studies. Despite these limitations, this study contributed significantly to understanding the role of SGLT2 inhibitors in decreasing cardiovascular risk.