Res Social Adm Pharm. 2023 Aug 21:S1551-7411(23)00348-0. doi: 10.1016/j.sapharm.2023.08.006. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: The Discharge Medicines Review (DMR) is a community pharmacy service in Wales that aims to reduce medicines-related harm after care transitions, including hospital discharge. To undertake a DMR, the Community Pharmacist must receive a patient's discharge medicines information, either electronically, by fax or presented by the patient. Although the DMR has evidenced benefits for improving patient safety, its evaluation showed inconsistent uptake, which Community Pharmacists partially attributed to hospitals not providing the necessary information.
OBJECTIVE: Aiming to develop recommendations to improve hospital engagement to DMR referrals, this study explores hospital pharmacy professionals' views of the service.
METHODS: Qualitative focus groups, using hermeneutic phenomenology, were conducted in 16 hospitals across Wales, using a quota sampling method to include 61 Pharmacists and 31 Pharmacy Technicians. To understand the suboptimal engagement to DMR referrals, framework analysis was undertaken using the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR).
RESULTS: The data were mapped onto all five CFIR domains, each containing barriers and facilitators to engagement with DMR referrals and suggestions for improvement. Only one hospital had successfully implemented DMR referrals, with many participants lacking any knowledge of the service or how to refer to it. Specific barriers included a clear absence of processes to implement referrals and engage hospital pharmacy professionals. A considerable barrier was many participants' perceptions that Community Pharmacist roles were less clinically orientated and patient-centred than their own, viewing them almost as a different profession. Participants believed that local champions for DMR referrals could promote engagement and integrate them into the workflow of hospital pharmacy professionals. Further recommendations to improve engagement was staff training for DMRs and regular feedback of its value.
CONCLUSION: Policymakers may use the findings and recommendations from this study to promote hospital pharmacy staff engagement to similar community pharmacy services like the Discharge Medicines Service in England.