Red Cell Distribution Width as a Prognostic Indicator in Acute Medical Admissions

Link to article at PubMed

J Clin Med. 2023 Aug 21;12(16):5424. doi: 10.3390/jcm12165424.


The red cell distribution width (RDW) is the coefficient of variation of the mean corpuscular volume (MCV). We sought to evaluate RDW as a predictor of outcomes following acute medical admission. We studied 10 years of acute medical admissions (2002-2011) with subsequent follow-up to 2021. RDW was converted to a categorical variable, Q1 < 12.9 fl, Q2-Q4 ≥ 12.9 and <15.7 fL and Q5 ≥ 15.7 fL. The predictive value of RDW for 30-day in-hospital and long-term mortality was evaluated with logistic and Cox regression modelling. Adjusted odds ratios (aORs) were calculated and loss of life years estimated. There were 62,184 admissions in 35,140 patients. The 30-day in-hospital mortality (n = 3646) occurred in 5.9% of admissions. An additional 15,086 (42.9%) deaths occurred by December 2021. Admission RDW independently predicted 30-day in-hospital mortality aOR 1.93 (95%CI 1.79, 2.07). Admission RDW independently predicted long-term mortality aOR 1.04 (95%CI 1.02, 1.05). Median survival post-admission was 189 months. For those with admission RDW in Q5, observed survival half-life was 133 months-this represents a shortfall of 5.7 life years (33.9%). In conclusion, admission RDW independently predicts 30-day in-hospital and long-term mortality.

PMID:37629466 | DOI:10.3390/jcm12165424

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