Crit Care. 2023 Jul 28;27(1):300. doi: 10.1186/s13054-023-04587-3.
BACKGROUND: Albumin infusion is the primary therapeutic strategy for septic patients with liver cirrhosis. Although recent studies have investigated the efficacy of albumin in the resuscitation stage of septic patients with liver cirrhosis, it remains unclear whether daily albumin administration can improve outcomes. Furthermore, the indications for initiating albumin therapy are not well defined.
METHODS: Septic patients with liver cirrhosis were obtained from the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care (MIMIC-IV 2.0) database. Marginal structural Cox models were employed to investigate the association between daily albumin infusion and 28-day mortality. We also aimed to explore under what circumstances enrolled patients could benefit most from albumin administration, based on the clinical parameters collected on the day of albumin infusion, including serum albumin concentration, serum lactate concentration, mean arterial pressure (MAP), and vasopressor dosage.
RESULTS: A total of 2265 patients were included in the final analysis, of whom 1093 (48.3%) had received albumin treatment at least once. The overall 28-day mortality was 29.6%. After marginal structural modeling, daily albumin infusion was associated with a reduced risk of 28-day death (hazard ratio, 0.76; 95% CI 0.61-0.94). We found that patients benefit most from albumin infusion when initiated on the day of serum albumin concentration between 2.5 and 3.0 g/dL, serum lactate concentration greater than or equal to 2 mmol/L, MAP less than 60 mmHg, or vasopressor dosage between 0.2 and 0.3 mcg/kg/min (norepinephrine equivalent, NEE).
CONCLUSIONS: Albumin infusion is associated with a reduction in mortality in septic patients with liver cirrhosis under specific circumstances. Serum albumin concentration, serum lactate, MAP, and vasopressor dosage were found to be modifiers of treatment effectiveness and should be considered when deciding to initial albumin infusion.