Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2023 Aug;41(3):633-675. doi: 10.1016/j.emc.2023.03.012. Epub 2023 Apr 25.
Rapid diagnostic tools available to the emergency physician caring for cardiac arrest patients are limited. Focused ultrasound (US), and in particular, focused echocardiography, is a useful tool in the evaluation of patients in cardiac arrest. It can help identify possible causes of cardiac arrest like tamponade and pulmonary embolism, which can guide therapy. US can also yield prognostic information, with lack of cardiac activity being highly specific for failure to achieve return of spontaneous circulation. US may also be used to aid in procedural guidance. Recently, focused transesophageal echocardiography has been used in the emergency department setting.