J Intensive Care Med. 2023 Jun 4:8850666231180526. doi: 10.1177/08850666231180526. Online ahead of print.
PURPOSE: The prevalence and its impact on mortality of sepsis-induced cardiomyopathy (SICM) remain controversial. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we investigated the prevalence and prognosis of SICM.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Embase. Titles and abstracts were evaluated based on the following criteria: (1) published in English, (2) randomized controlled trials, cohort studies, or cross-sectional studies, (3) ≥ 18 years with sepsis, (4) reporting the prevalence and/or comparison of short-term mortality between those with and without SICM, defined as the new-onset reduction in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) within 72 h on admission or from the diagnosis of sepsis. The random-effect model was used for all analyses. This meta-analysis was registered at PROSPERO (CDR42022332896).
RESULTS: Sixteen studies reported the prevalence of SICM and the pooled prevalence of SICM was 20% (95% confidence interval [CI], 16-25%; I2 = 89.9%, P < 0.01). Eleven studies reported short-term mortality and SICM was associated with significantly higher short-term mortality (The pooled odds ratio: 2.30, 95% CI, 1.43-3.69; I2 = 0%, P = 0.001).
CONCLUSION: The prevalence of SICM was 20% in patients with sepsis, and the occurrence of SICM was associated with significantly higher short-term mortality.