Curr Hepatol Rep. 2023;22(2):67-73. doi: 10.1007/s11901-023-00601-y. Epub 2023 Apr 5.
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review article will examine portal hypertension in alcoholic hepatitis (AH) from both a basic mechanistic and a clinical perspective.
RECENT FINDINGS: Alcoholic hepatitis is a major public health problem in the USA, accounting for over 300,000 hospital admissions in a recent year of data (Jinjuvadia et al. J Clin Gastroenterol. 60;49:506-511). Portal hypertension is a key consequence of AH and a driver of liver-related morbidity and mortality. Alcohol may directly mediate portal hypertension via multiple possible mechanisms, including increased portal inflow, increased intrahepatic vasoconstriction, inflammation, and changes in the liver vasculature such as perisinusoidal fibrosis and phlebosclerosis.
SUMMARY: Portal hypertension is a key consequence of AH and a critical area for future research.