Impact of early telemedicine follow-up on 30-Day hospital readmissions

Link to article at PubMed

PLoS One. 2023 May 22;18(5):e0282081. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0282081. eCollection 2023.


INTRODUCTION: Telemedicine is increasing in popularity but the impact of this shift on patient outcomes has not been well described. Prior data has shown that early post-discharge office visits can reduce readmissions. However, it is unknown if routine use of telemedicine visits for this purpose is similarly beneficial.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective observational study using electronic health records data to assess if the rate of 30-day hospital readmissions differed between modality of visit for primary care or cardiology post-discharge follow-up visits.

RESULTS: Compared to discharges with completed in-person follow-up visits, the adjusted odds of readmission for those with telemedicine follow-up visits was not significantly different (odds ratio [OR] 0.96, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.61 to 1.51, P = 0.86).

CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that 30-day readmission rate did not differ significantly according to the modality of visit. These results provide reassurance that telemedicine visits are a safe and viable alternative for primary care or cardiology post-hospitalization follow-up.

PMID:37216362 | PMC:PMC10202267 | DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0282081

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