Med Klin Intensivmed Notfmed. 2023 Apr 26. doi: 10.1007/s00063-023-01003-0. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have a high risk of hospital and intensive care unit readmission. Readmissions are a severe burden on patients, families, and the health care system. The aim of this study is to identify pedagogical-counseling interventions to reduce readmissions and other parameters in COPD patients.
METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in March 2022 in the databases Medline, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, and LIVIVO. German‑, English‑, Arabic-, and French-language (cluster-) randomized, controlled studies were included.
RESULTS: In all, 21 studies with a total of 3894 COPD patients were included. The quality of included studies was moderate to good. Interventions were self-management programs, telemedical, and educational interventions. Five out of seven studies found a significant reduction in readmissions for self-management programs (p = 0.02-0.49). A positive effect of telemedicine interventions on outcome parameters was only reported in two studies (p < 0.05) and no significant effect in four studies. Educational interventions were examined in six studies: four found no difference between the study groups and two found a significant difference in favor of the intervention group (p = 0.01). Special care programs also showed a significant effect in two studies.
PMID:37099147 | DOI:10.1007/s00063-023-01003-0