Transpulmonary thermodilution

Link to article at PubMed

Curr Opin Crit Care. 2023 Apr 11. doi: 10.1097/MCC.0000000000001047. Online ahead of print.


PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this article is to systematically review and critically assess the existing data regarding the use of transpulmonary thermodilution (TPTD), by providing a detailed description of technical aspects of TPTD techniques, appraising the use of TPTD-derived parameters in specific clinical settings, and exploring the limits of this technique.

RECENT FINDINGS: The aim of hemodynamic monitoring is to optimize cardiac output (CO) and therefore improve oxygen delivery to the tissues. Hemodynamic monitoring plays a fundamental role in the management of acutely ill patients. TPTD is a reliable, multiparametric, advanced cardiopulmonary monitoring technique providing not only hemodynamic parameters related to cardiac function, but also to the redistribution of the extravascular water in the thorax. The hemodynamic monitors available in the market usually couple the intermittent measurement of the CO by TPTD with the arterial pulse contour analysis, offering automatic calibration of continuous CO and an accurate assessment of cardiac preload and fluid responsiveness.

SUMMARY: The TPTD is an invasive but well tolerated, multiparametric, advanced cardiopulmonary monitoring technique, allowing a comprehensive assessment of cardiopulmonary condition. Beyond the CO estimation, TPTD provides several indices that help answering questions that clinicians ask themselves during hemodynamic management. TPTD-guided algorithm obtained by pulse contour analysis may be useful to optimize fluid resuscitation by titrating fluid therapy according to functional hemodynamic monitoring and to define safety criteria to avoid fluid overload by following the changes in the extravascular lung water (EVLW) and pulmonary vascular permeability index (PVPI).

PMID:37083621 | DOI:10.1097/MCC.0000000000001047

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