Infection. 2023 Apr 4. doi: 10.1007/s15010-023-02029-4. Online ahead of print.
PURPOSE: Overall, insertion of central venous catheter (CVC) into femoral veins (FV) has been shown to be associated with a higher risk of infection compared with subclavian and internal jugular (IJV/SCV) CVC, but no data are available on the impact of the FV insertion site on the CVC-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) risk in patients with cancer. The objective of the study is to compare CRBSI rates and incidences of FV with those of internal jugular and subclavian vein (IJV/SCV CVC) as observed in the prospective SECRECY registry.
METHODS: SECRECY is an ongoing observational, prospective, clinical CRBSI registry active in six departments of hematology/oncology in Germany. Each case of FV CVC was matched at a ratio of 1:1 to a case with IJV/SCV CVC. The propensity score was estimated using a multivariable logistic regression model adjusting for age, sex, cancer type, and duration of indwelling catheter.
RESULTS: Of 4268 CVCs included in this analysis, 52 (1.2%) were inserted into the FV and 4216 (98.8%) into the IJV/SCV. 52 cases of FV CVC were matched with 52 IJV/SCV CVC. There was no significant difference in the CRBSI rate (3.8% vs. 9.6%), the CRBSI incidence (5.7 vs. 14.2/1000 CVC days), and the median CVC time (5.5 vs. 5 days) between the FV and the IJV/SCV group.
CONCLUSION: Based on this data, inserting FV CVCs in patients with cancer does, at least in the short-term, not appear to be associated with an increased risk of CRBSI as compared to IJV/SCV CVC.