Dexmedetomidine may reduce the risk of acute kidney injury development in critically ill patients during colistin therapy

Link to article at PubMed

J Infect Chemother. 2023 Mar 13:S1341-321X(23)00069-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jiac.2023.03.009. Online ahead of print.


INTRODUCTION: Colistin is considered as a last resort therapy for multidrug-resistant gram-negative organisms. It is widely used despite the significant risk of nephrotoxicity. Experimental studies showed the nephroprotective effect of dexmedetomidine, a sedative agent, against colistin toxicity. This study was performed to show the possible nephroprotective effect of dexmedetomidine among critically ill patients who received colistin.

METHODS: Adult (>17 years) patients who were admitted to our surgical and medical intensive care unit (ICU) from March 2018 through March 2021, and who received colistin were included. Patients who receive Colistin therapy or intensive care unit follow-up of <72 h (discharge or death) and Acute kidney injury (AKI) or need hemodialysis prior to colistin therapy at the same hospitalization were excluded. AKI risk factors were examined by grouping patients with and without AKI. Patients, receiving colistin concomitantly with dexmedetomidine were also evaluated.

RESULTS: Of the 139 patients included, 27 (17.8%) patients received dexmedetomidine. Sixty-five patients (47%) had AKI, at a median 5 (4-7) days after the initiation of colistin. Older age, lower baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate, and vasopressor use were associated with a higher risk of AKI, while dexmedetomidine use was associated with a lower risk. In the multivariate regression model, dexmedetomidine use was independently associated with a lower risk of AKI development (OR 0.20 95% CI 0.07-0.59, p = 0.003).

CONCLUSION: In respect to these findings, dexmedetomidine may provide protection against AKI during colistin therapy in critically ill patients.

PMID:36921764 | DOI:10.1016/j.jiac.2023.03.009

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