Pulmonary Congestion on Lung Ultrasound Predicts Increased Risk of 30-Day Readmission in Heart Failure Patients

Link to article at PubMed

J Ultrasound Med. 2023 Feb 25. doi: 10.1002/jum.16202. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVES: Heart failure exacerbations are a common cause of hospitalizations with a high readmission rate. There are few validated predictors of readmission after treatment for acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). Lung ultrasound (LUS) is sensitive and specific in the assessment of pulmonary congestion; however, it is not frequently utilized to assess for congestion before discharge. This study assessed the association between number of B-lines, on LUS, at patient discharge and risk of 30-day readmission in patients hospitalized for acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF).

METHODS: This was a single-center prospective study of adults admitted to a quaternary care center with a diagnosis of ADHF. At the time of discharge, the patient received an 8-zone LUS exam to evaluate for the presence of B-lines. A zone was considered positive if ≥3 B-lines was present. We assessed the risk of 30-day readmission associated with the number of lung zones positive for B-lines using a log-binomial regression model.

RESULTS: Based on data from 200 patients, the risk of 30-day readmission in patients with 2-3 positive lung zones was 1.25 times higher (95% CI: 1.08-1.45), and in patients with 4-8 positive lung zones was 1.50 times higher (95% CI: 1.23-1.82, compared with patients with 0-1 positive zones, after adjusting for discharge blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, and hemoglobin.

CONCLUSION: Among patients admitted with ADHF, the presence of B-lines at discharge was associated with a significantly increased risk of 30-day readmission, with greater number of lung zones positive for B-lines corresponding to higher risk.

PMID:36840718 | DOI:10.1002/jum.16202

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