Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2023 Jan 17;20(3):1674. doi: 10.3390/ijerph20031674.
The number of older patients is constantly growing, and early hospital readmissions in this population represent a major problem from a health, social and economic point of view. Furthermore, the early readmission rate is often used as an indicator of the quality of care. We performed a systematic review of the literature to better understand the risk factors of early readmission (30 and 90 days) in the geriatric population and to update the existing evidence on this subject. The search was carried out on the MEDLINE, EMBASE and PsycINFO databases. Three independent reviewers assessed the potential inclusion of the studies, and then each study was independently assessed by two reviewers using Joanna Briggs Institute critical appraisal tools; any discrepancies were resolved by the third reviewer. Studies that included inpatients in surgical wards were excluded. Twenty-nine studies were included in the review. Risk factors of early readmission can be classified into socio-economic factors, factors relating to the patient's health characteristics, factors related to the use of the healthcare system and clinical factors. Among these risk factors, those linked to patient frailty play an important role, in particular malnutrition, reduced mobility, risk of falls, fatigue and functional dependence. The early identification of patients at higher risk of early readmission may allow for targeted interventions in view of discharge.
PMID:36767038 | PMC:PMC9914102 | DOI:10.3390/ijerph20031674