Clin Chest Med. 2023 Mar;44(1):105-119. doi: 10.1016/j.ccm.2022.10.010.
Lung transplantation is often the only treatment option for patients with severe irreversible lung disease. Improvements in donor and recipient selection, organ allocation, surgical techniques, and immunosuppression have all contributed to better survival outcomes after lung transplantation. Nonetheless, lung transplant recipients still experience frequent complications, often necessitating treatment in an intensive care setting. In addition, the use of extracorporeal life support as a means of bridging critically ill patients to lung transplantation has become more widespread. This review focuses on the critical care aspects of lung transplantation, both before and after surgery.