Efficacy of SGLT2 Inhibitors in Patients With Diabetes and Nonobstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Link to article at PubMed

Am J Cardiol. 2023 Feb 1;188:80-86. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2022.10.054. Epub 2022 Dec 5.


The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) on functional capacity and diastolic function in patients with diabetes with nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (nHCM) and preserved left ventricular (LV) function. From January 2019 to October 2020, a prospective open-label study was performed on patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and nHCM with New York Heart Association class II-III symptoms. Patients with a LV ejection fraction <50% were excluded. Patients were recruited from January 2019 to November 2019 to the SGLT2i arm and from November 2019 to October 2020 to the control arm. The primary composite end point was defined as achieving an improvement of at least 1.5 in E/e' and a reduction of ≥1 New York Heart Association functional class after 6 months of therapy. At baseline, there were no significant differences between the SGLT2i (n = 24) and control arms (n = 24). More patients in the SGLT2i arm achieved the primary end point than the patients in the control arm (70.8% vs 4.2%, p <0.001). After 6 months of therapy, patients in the SGLT2i arm showed a significant improvement in all diastolic function parameters (E/e' 16.3 ± 1.9 vs 13.3 ± 1.6, p <0.001; E/A 2.8 ± 0.1 vs 2.4 ± 0.1, p <0.001; left atrial volume 45.6 ± 5.2 vs 40.8 ± 4.9 ml/m2, p = 0.003). There was also an improvement in the 6-minute walk distance (295.1 ± 31.5 vs 343.0 ± 31.1 m, p <0.001) and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (481.4 ± 52.6 vs 440.9 ± 43.9 pg/ml, p <0.001) in patients who received SGLT2i. There was no significant change in the LV mass in the SGLT2i or control arm (-0.1 ± 0.3 vs 0.1 ± 0.5 g/m2, p = 0.319) after 6 months of therapy. A patient in the SGLT2i arm discontinued therapy because of a urinary tract infection. In conclusion, the use of SGLT2i improved diastolic function and functional capacity in patients with diabetes with nHCM and a preserved LV function.

PMID:36473308 | DOI:10.1016/j.amjcard.2022.10.054

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