Meta-Analysis on the Safety and Efficacy of Sodium Glucose Cotransporters 2 Inhibitors in Patients With Heart Failure With and Without Diabetes

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Am J Cardiol. 2023 Jan 15;187:93-99. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2022.10.027. Epub 2022 Nov 29.


Heart failure (HF) is the most common cardiovascular cause of hospitalization in patients over 60 years, affecting about 64.3 million patients worldwide. Few studies have investigated the role of sodium glucose cotransporter inhibitors (SGLT2Is) in patients with HF without and without diabetes. Thus, we conducted our meta-analysis to further investigate the role of SGLT2I role in patients with HF without and without diabetes. PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Embase were searched. All clinical trials that compared the effect of SGLT2Is versus placebo on patients with HF were included. Dichotomous data were extracted, pooled as risk ratio (RR) with 95% confidence interval (CI), and analyzed using RevMan version 5.3 for windows using the Mantel-Haenszel method. A total of 13 randomized clinical trials were included for analysis, with a total number of 75,287 patients. SGLT2Is significantly lowered the risk of hospitalization for HF in patients with (RR = 0.68, 95% CI 0.63 to 0.74) and without diabetes (RR = 0.75, 95% CI 0.62 to 0.89). Furthermore, they lowered the mortality risk in both patients with diabetes with statistical significance (RR = 0.87, 95% CI 0.77 to 0.99), yet without statistical significance in patients without diabetes (RR = 0.93, 95% CI 0.70 to 1.23). Further analyses for serious adverse events were conducted, and SGLT2I showed a significant lower risk in patients with diabetes (RR = 0.94, 95% CI 0.90 to 0.98) and without diabetes (RR = 0.72, 95% CI 0.38 to 1.39). in patients with diabetes, SGLT2Is significantly reduced cardiovascular mortality, HHF, and serious adverse events. However, in patients without, despite showing a significant reduction in HHF, SGLT2I reduced cardiovascular mortality or serious adverse events but without statistical significance.

PMID:36459753 | DOI:10.1016/j.amjcard.2022.10.027

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