‘Acute Heart Failure’: Should We Abandon the Term Altogether?

Link to article at PubMed

Curr Heart Fail Rep. 2022 Sep 27:1-10. doi: 10.1007/s11897-022-00576-9. Online ahead of print.


PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The distinction between 'acute' and 'chronic' heart failure persists. Our review aims to explore whether reclassifying heart failure decompensation more accurately as an event within the natural history of chronic heart failure has the potential to improve outcomes.

RECENT FINDINGS: Although hospitalisation for worsening heart failure confers a poor prognosis, much of this reflects chronic disease severity. Most patients survive hospitalisation with most deaths occurring in the post-discharge 'vulnerable phase'. Current evidence supports four classes of medications proven to reduce cardiovascular mortality for those who have heart failure with a reduced ejection fraction, with recent trials suggesting worsening heart failure events are opportunities to optimise these therapies. Abandoning the term 'acute heart failure' has the potential to give greater priority to initiating proven pharmacological and device therapies during decompensation episodes, in order to improve outcomes for those who are at the greatest risk.

PMID:36166184 | PMC:PMC9513308 | DOI:10.1007/s11897-022-00576-9

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