Evaluating the evidence for sacubitril/valsartan across the continuum of heart failure

Link to article at PubMed

Pharmacotherapy. 2022 Nov;42(11):837-848. doi: 10.1002/phar.2730. Epub 2022 Oct 7.


Since initial publication of the PARADIGM-HF trial in 2014, sacubitril/valsartan has been investigated in various settings to establish optimal use, further expanding its indications in patients with heart failure (HF). Although numerous studies have been published, until recently these have primarily involved post hoc analyses from the PARADIGM-HF study itself with a consistent focus on use of sacubitril/valsartan in patients with HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). This has led to a gap in the literature regarding utility of sacubitril/valsartan in other HF subpopulations. The aim of this review is to provide a summary of recent clinical trials further expanding use and guideline recommendations for sacubitril/valsartan. The findings of 15 studies, including clinical trials and post hoc analyses, are summarized and describe the use of sacubitril/valsartan in additional HF subpopulations, such as HFrEF following hospitalization for acute decompensated HF and advanced HF, HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), and HF postmyocardial infarction. In addition, three studies investigating timing of initiation, dose titration regimens, and cost-effectiveness are examined. Select ongoing trials are also reviewed to demonstrate the continued commitment to further advance care of patients with HF. This comprehensive review serves as a resource for health care providers who pursue optimal utilization of sacubitril/valsartan in their respective clinical practices.

PMID:36151917 | DOI:10.1002/phar.2730

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