Hosp Pract (1995). 2022 Dec;50(5):387-392. doi: 10.1080/21548331.2022.2126255. Epub 2022 Sep 20.
OBJECTIVE: Critically ill patients boarding in the ED have higher mortality rates. Several strategies have been implemented to deliver care to boarding patients. Our institution opted for a strategy consisting on deploying an Intensive Care team in the ED. This article reports outcomes before-and-after implementation of that team.
METHODS: On November 2020, a Medical Intensive Care Team was deployed in the ED. The team performed consultations for ICU patients boarding in the ED. A retrospective analysis of critically ill patients arriving to the ED before-and-after team implementation was performed. Outcome data were reviewed. Direct hospitalization costs per patient, and direct costs per department were assessed. Wilcoxon rank sum and Chisq-test were utilized to compare differences pre- and post-implementation. Multivariate analyses to model outcomes toward pre- and post-implementation and other variables were performed.
RESULTS: 1,828 and 3,272 patients were included in the pre- and post-intervention groups. ICU LOS (days) pre- and post-intervention were 3 (1,6) and 3 (1,6), respectively (p = 0.41). ICU readmission rates were 6.7% pre-intervention and 7.4% post-intervention (p = 0.37). Total direct costs were US$ 19,928 (11,006, 37,815) and US$ 15,795 (9016, 28,993), respectively (p < 0.01). Multivariate analysis showed no association between team deployment and ICU LOS or readmission. However, there was association between its implementation and hospitalization cost reduction per patient of US$ 7,171.
CONCLUSION: The implementation of a Medical Intensive Care team in the ED is not associated with a reduction of ICU LOS or ICU readmission. Nevertheless, its implementation is associated with a reduction of hospitalization costs.