Am J Cardiol. 2022 Jul 1;174:89-95. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2022.03.022. Epub 2022 May 2.
Acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) is a primary cause of older adults presenting to the emergency department with acute dyspnea. Point-of-care lung ultrasound (LUS) has shown comparable or superior diagnostic accuracy in comparison with a chest x-ray (CXR) in patients presenting with symptoms of ADHF. The systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to elucidate the sensitivity and specificity of LUS in comparison with CXR for diagnosing ADHF and summarize the rapidly growing body of evidence in this domain. A total of 5 databases were searched through February 18, 2021, to identify observational studies that reported on the use of LUS compared with CXR in diagnosing ADHF in patients presenting with shortness of breath. Meta-analysis was conducted on the sensitivities and specificities of each diagnostic method. A total of 8 studies reporting on 2,787 patients were included in this meta-analysis. For patients presenting with signs and symptoms of ADHF, LUS was found to be more sensitive than CXR (91.8% vs 76.5%) and more specific than CXR (92.3% vs 87.0%) for the detection of cardiogenic pulmonary edema. In conclusion, LUS is more sensitive and specific than CXR in detecting pulmonary edema. This highlights the importance of sonographic B-lines, along with the accurate interpretation of clinical data, in the diagnosis of ADHF. In addition to its convenience, reduced costs, and reduced radiation exposure, LUS should be considered an effective alternative to CXR for evaluating patients with dyspnea in the setting of ADHF.
PMID:35504747 | DOI:10.1016/j.amjcard.2022.03.022