Potential Impact of Rapid Multiplex PCR on Antimicrobial Therapy Guidance for Ventilated Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia in Critically Ill Patients, A Prospective Observational Clinical and Economic Study

Link to article at PubMed

Front Cell Infect Microbiol. 2022 Apr 13;12:804611. doi: 10.3389/fcimb.2022.804611. eCollection 2022.


OBJECTIVES: To investigate the potential impact of the syndromic multiplex FilmArray® Pneumonia plus Panel (FAPP) on the antimicrobial treatment guidance of patients with ventilated hospital-acquired pneumonia (VHAP).

METHODS: Respiratory fluids from 100 adult patients with VHAP, receiving invasive mechanical ventilation in three intensive care units from one French university hospital, were tested prospectively using FAPP. Conventional cultures were performed in parallel as routine practice. Clinicians were left blinded to the FAPP results. Antimicrobial therapies based on FAPP results were simulated by independent blinded experts according to a predefined algorithm and compared to 1) those prescribed in practice according to local guidelines (real-life), and 2) those that complied with the international ERS/ESICM/ESCMID/ALAT recommendations. The primary endpoint was the number of days of broad-spectrum antimicrobial therapy. Secondary endpoints were the rates of microbiological treatment failure and cost-effectiveness ratio.

RESULTS: The predicted median duration of broad-spectrum antibiotics was 0 [0-1.25] day in the FAPP-based simulation, versus 2 [0-6] days in real-life (p<0.0001) and 2 [2-3.25] days in the recommendations-based simulation (p<0.0001). Treatment failure was predicted in 3% of cases with FAPP results versus observed in 11% in real-life (p=0.08) and 6% with recommendations-based simulation (p=0.37). The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio was 1 121 € [-7021; 6794] to avoid one day of non-optimized antimicrobial therapy.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that using FAPP in patients with VHAP has the potential to reduce the use of broad-spectrum antimicrobial therapy without increasing the risk of microbial treatment failure.

PMID:35493730 | PMC:PMC9043525 | DOI:10.3389/fcimb.2022.804611

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *