Red Blood Cell Distribution Width in Heart Failure: Pathophysiology, Prognostic Role, Controversies and Dilemmas

Link to article at PubMed

J Clin Med. 2022 Mar 31;11(7):1951. doi: 10.3390/jcm11071951.

ABSTRACT

Red blood cell distribution width (RDW), an integral parameter of the complete blood count (CBC), has been traditionally used for the classification of several types of anemia. However, over the last decade RDW has been associated with outcome in patients with several cardiovascular diseases including heart failure. The role of RDW in acute, chronic and advanced heart failure is the focus of the present work. Several pathophysiological mechanisms of RDW's increase in heart failure have been proposed (i.e., inflammation, oxidative stress, adrenergic stimulation, undernutrition, ineffective erythropoiesis, reduced iron mobilization, etc.); however, the exact mechanism remains unknown. Although high RDW values at admission and discharge have been associated with adverse prognosis in hospitalized heart failure patients, the prognostic role of in-hospital RDW changes (ΔRDW) remains debatable. RDW has been incorporated in recent heart failure prognostic models. Utilizing RDW as a treatment target in heart failure may be a promising area of research.

PMID:35407558 | PMC:PMC8999162 | DOI:10.3390/jcm11071951

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