Cureus. 2022 Jan 17;14(1):e21342. doi: 10.7759/cureus.21342. eCollection 2022 Jan.
Gallstone disease is the common cause of acute pancreatitis. The role of early endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in biliary pancreatitis without cholangitis is not well-established. Thus, this study aims to compare the outcome of early ERCP with conservative management in patients with acute biliary pancreatitis without acute cholangitis. An online search of PubMed, PubMed Central, Embase, Scopus, and Clinicaltrials.gov databases was performed for relevant studies published till December 15, 2020. Statistical analysis was performed using RevMan v 5.4 (The Nordic Cochrane Centre, Cochrane Collaboration, Copenhagen). Odds Ratio (OR) with a 95% confidence interval was used for outcome estimation. Among 2700 studies from the database search, we included four studies in the final analysis. Pooling of data showed no significant reduction in mortality (OR 0.59, 95% CI 0.32 to 1.09; p=0.09); overall complications (OR 0.56, 95% CI 0.30 to 1.01; p=0.05); new-onset organ failure (OR 1.06, 95% CI 0.65 to 1.75; p=0.81); pancreatic necrosis (OR 0.80, 95% CI 0.49 to 1.32; p=0.38); pancreatic pseudo-cyst (OR 0.44, 95% CI 0.16 to 1.24; p=0.12); ICU admission (OR 1.64, 95% CI 0.97 to 2.77; p=0.06); and pneumonia development (OR 0.81, 95% CI 0.40 to 1.65; p=0.56) by urgent ERCP comparing with conventional approach for acute biliary pancreatitis without cholangitis. Henceforth, early ERCP in acute biliary pancreatitis without cholangitis did not reduce mortality, complications, and other adverse outcomes compared to the conservative treatment.