Int Heart J. 2022;63(1):8-14. doi: 10.1536/ihj.21-086.
Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) remains a significant cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality worldwide. Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) combined with catheter-directed therapy (CDT) may improve right ventricular (RV) dysfunction and stabilize hemodynamics in acute PE.We retrospectively studied 159 patients with confirmed acute PE who were treated with CDT and admitted to the intensive care unit of our department between September 2016 and May 2020. The patients were divided into the control group and the rhBNP group based on whether to receive recombinant human BNP treatment (rhBNP) or not. The basic characteristics of the patients between the control group and the rhBNP group was systematically compared during admission and follow-up. Risk factors for all-cause mortality within 30 days were determined using multivariate logistic regression analysis.Respiratory rate was found to be significantly lower in the rhBNP group than in the control group. Patients in the rhBNP group had significantly lower levels of white blood cell, C-reactive protein (CRP), D-dimers, troponin I, creatinine, and N-terminal (NT) -proBNP compared with those in the control group. Levels of tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion were significantly higher in the rhBNP group than in the control group. The percentage of patients with rehospitalization readmission due to PE differed significantly between the control group and the rhBNP group. On the basis of the multivariate regression analysis, CRP, creatinine, troponin I, and NT-proBNP were independent factors of all-cause mortality in 30 days.rhBNP is effective in the treatment of patients with RV dysfunction caused by acute PE who underwent CDT, which may be an alternative treatment option for improving clinical prognosis.