Mayo Clin Proc. 2022 Jan 10:S0025-6196(21)00653-4. doi: 10.1016/j.mayocp.2021.08.025. Online ahead of print.
OBJECTIVE: To determine short-term outcomes of patients with alcohol-associated cirrhosis (ALC) admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) compared with other etiologies of liver disease. In addition, we investigate whether quick sequential organ failure assessment accurately predicts presence of sepsis and in-hospital mortality in critically ill patients with various etiologies of cirrhosis.
METHODS: A retrospective cohort of 1174 consecutive patients with cirrhosis admitted to the ICU between January of 2006 and December of 2015 was analyzed. Outcomes of interest included survival rates within the ICU, post-ICU in-hospital, or at 30 days post-ICU discharge.
RESULTS: Five hundred seventy-eight patients were found to have ALC with 596 in the non-ALC group. There was no significant difference in ICU mortality rates in ALC versus non-ALC cohorts (10.2% vs 11.7%, P=.40). However, patients with ALC had significantly higher post-ICU in-hospital death (10.0% vs 6.5%, P=.04) as well as higher mortality at 30-day post-ICU discharge (18.7% vs 11.2%, P<.001). Sustained alcohol abstinence did not offer survival advantage over nonabstinence. The predictive power for quick sequential organ failure assessment for sepsis and in-hospital mortality for patients with cirrhosis was limited.
CONCLUSION: Critically ill patients with ALC have decreased survival after ICU discharge compared with patients with other etiologies of cirrhosis, independent of alcohol abstinence.