Inpatient Mortality Among Patients With Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome at ECMO and Non-ECMO Centers in the United States

Link to article at PubMed

Am Surg. 2021 Dec 26:31348211063530. doi: 10.1177/00031348211063530. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: A 2009 randomized control trial found patients with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) who transferred to an extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation therapy (ECMO) center had better survival, even if they did not receive ECMO. This study aimed to use a national US database to determine if care at ECMO centers offer a survival advantage in patients with ARDS with mechanical ventilation only.

METHODS: Hospitalizations of patients 18-64 years old who had ARDS and mechanical ventilation in the 2010-2016 Health care Cost and Utilization Project National Readmission Database were included. ECMO centers performed at least 1 veno-venous ECMO hospitalization annually; or >5, >20, and >50 on sensitivity analysis. Multivariable logistic regression compared inpatient mortality, after adjusting for timing of hospitalization, patient demographics, comorbidities, and hospital characteristics.

RESULTS: Of the 1 224 447 ARDS hospitalizations and mechanical ventilation, 41% were at ECMO centers. ECMO centers were more likely to be larger, private, non-profit, teaching hospitals. ARDS at admission was more common at non-ECMO centers (31% vs 23%, P < .0001); however, other patient demographics and comorbidities did not differ. After adjustment, no difference in inpatient mortality was seen between ECMO and non-ECMO centers (OR 0.99, 95% CI: 0.97, 1.02). This relationship did not change in sensitivity analyses.

DISCUSSION: Adult patients with ARDS requiring mechanical ventilation may not have improved outcomes if treated at an ECMO center and suggest that early transfer of all ARDS patients to ECMO centers may not be warranted. Further evaluation of ECMO center volume and illness severity is needed.

PMID:34957856 | DOI:10.1177/00031348211063530

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *