Clin Chest Med. 2021 Dec;42(4):591-597. doi: 10.1016/j.ccm.2021.07.002.
Pleural diseases are frequently encountered across multiple inpatient and outpatient settings, making pleural drainage and sampling one of the most common medical procedures. With the widespread adoption of bedside ultrasound examination, ultrasound machines are now readily available in many clinical settings, providing both diagnostic and procedural guidance. The modern management of pleural disease is dominated by ultrasound assessment with strong evidence supporting its use to guide pleural interventions. Here, we review the current landscape of ultrasound use to guide pleural drainage, pneumothorax management, and pleural biopsy.