J Clin Med. 2021 Oct 29;10(21):5057. doi: 10.3390/jcm10215057.
The incidence of thyroid disfunction has not been analyzed in critically ill COVID-19 patients. Our objective was to analyze the relationship of the thyroid profile and in-hospital mortality in critically ill COVID-19 patients. This was a prospective single-center study involving critically ill COVID-19 patients admitted to the ICU of a tertiary University Hospital. Thyroid hormones were measured through drawing blood samples from a central venous catheter at ICU admission and on the fifth day. A multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to analyze the variables associated with mortality. The ability of the different thyroid hormones to predict in-hospital mortality was evaluated by calculating the receiver operating characteristics (ROCs) and the area under the curve (AUC). A total of 78 patients were included in the study at ICU admission; 72 had their thyroid profile measured at day 5. In-hospital mortality reached 29.5%. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that variables associated with mortality were age and prior beta-blocker therapy at ICU admission and age fT4 at day 5. The AUC for in-hospital mortality predictions of fT4 at day 5 was 0.69. Thyroid responses are commonly observed in critically ill COVID-19 patients. fT4 at day 5 after ICU admission was associated with mortality.