J Clin Med. 2021 Oct 25;10(21):4931. doi: 10.3390/jcm10214931.
PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of diabetes mellitus in the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of AKI (acute kidney injury) in patients admitted with ACS (acute coronary syndrome).
METHODS: We performed a comparative evaluation of ACS patients with vs. without DM who developed AKI enrolled in the biennial ACS Israeli Surveys (ACSIS) between 2000 and 2018. AKI was defined as an absolute increase in serum creatinine (≥0.5 mg/dL) or above 1.5 mg/dL or new renal replacement therapy upon admission with ACS. Outcomes included 30-day major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and 1-year all-cause mortality.
RESULTS: The current study included a total of 16,879 patients, median age 64 (IQR 54-74), 77% males, 36% with DM. The incidence of AKI was significantly higher among patients with vs. without DM (8.4% vs. 4.7%, p < 0.001). The rates of 30-day MACE (40.8% vs. 13.4%, p < 0.001) and 1-year mortality (43.7% vs. 10%, p < 0.001) were significantly greater among diabetic patients who developed vs. those who did not develop AKI respectively, yet very similar among patients that developed AKI with vs. without DM (30-day MACE 40.8% vs. 40.3%, p = 0.9 1-year mortality 43.7 vs. 44.8%, p = 0.8, respectively). Multivariate analyses adjusted to potential confounders, showed similar independent predictors of AKI among patients with and without DM, comprising; older age, chronic kidney disease, congestive heart failure, and peripheral arterial disease.
CONCLUSIONS: Although patients with DM are at much greater risk for AKI when admitted with ACS, the independent predictors of AKI and the worse patient outcomes when AKI occurs, are similar irrespective to DM status.