J Hematol. 2020 Aug;10(4):171-177. doi: 10.14740/jh876. Epub 2020 Aug 4.
BACKGROUND: The aims of the study were to identify predictors of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) in hospitalized adults, and to find additional factors associated with higher odds of HIT in primary hypercoagulable states.
METHODS: A retrospective matched case-control study using discharge data from National Inpatient Sample database (2012 - 2014) was conducted. In primary outcome analysis, hospitalized patients with and without HIT were included as cases and controls, both matched for age and gender. In secondary outcome analysis, hospitalized patients with primary hypercoagulable states with and without HIT were included as cases and controls, both matched for age and gender. The statistical analyses were performed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 25.
RESULTS: There are several predictors of HIT in hospitalized patients, such as obesity, malignancy, diabetes, renal failure, major surgery, congestive heart failure, and autoimmune diseases. In patients with primary hypercoagulable states, the presence of renal failure (odds ratio (OR) 2.955, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.994 - 4.380), major surgery (OR 1.735, 95% CI 1.275 - 2.361), congestive heart failure (OR 4.497, 95% CI 2.466 - 8.202), or autoimmune diseases (OR 1.712, 95% CI 1.120 - 2.618) further increases the odds of HIT.
CONCLUSIONS: In hospitalized patients with primary hypercoagulable states, especially in association with renal failure, major surgery, congestive heart failure, or autoimmune diseases, unfractionated heparin should be used with caution.