“Corticosteroids for COVID-19 symptoms and quality of life at one year from admission”

Link to article at PubMed

J Med Virol. 2021 Aug 26. doi: 10.1002/jmv.27296. Online ahead of print.


INTRODUCTION: The long-term evolution of COVID-19 is unknown, making it necessary to study the persistence of symptoms over time and their impact on quality of life in people who have had the disease. We analysed these aspects at one year from admission for COVID-19 and explored the influence of treatment with systemic corticosteroids during the acute phase of the illness.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: This observational cohort study took place in a tertiary hospital in March and April 2021 and included people admitted due to infection with SARS-CoV-2 in March, April, or May 2020. We excluded patients who had died, were unreachable, or had substantial cognitive impairment. A telephone survey was undertaken to assess the presence of symptoms related to COVID-19 and to administer the SF-36 quality of life questionnaire. Other variables collected were demographic and clinical data along with the treatment received and the evolution over time.

RESULTS: We analysed 76 patients, including 44 who did not receive corticosteroids and 32 who did. Most symptoms were less frequent in the group that received corticosteroids, with statistically significant differences for headache, dysphagia, chest pain, and depression. These patients also showed significantly better outcomes in the SF-36 domains for 'bodily pain' and 'mental health'.

CONCLUSIONS: Corticosteroids administered in the acute phase of COVID-19 could attenuate the presence of long-term symptoms and improve patients' quality of life. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

PMID:34436783 | DOI:10.1002/jmv.27296

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