Radiol Clin North Am. 2021 Sep;59(5):835-852. doi: 10.1016/j.rcl.2021.05.009.
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. Given the increased availability of radiopharmaceuticals, improved positron emission tomography (PET) camera systems and proven higher diagnostic accuracy, PET is increasingly utilized in the management of various cardiovascular diseases. PET has high temporal and spatial resolution, when compared to Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography. In clinical practice, hybrid imaging with sequential PET and Computed Tomography acquisitions (PET/CT) or concurrent PET and Magnetic Resonance Imaging are standard. This article will review applications of cardiovascular PET/CT including myocardial perfusion, viability, cardiac sarcoidosis/inflammation, and infection.