Dis Mon. 2022 Jan;68(1):101272. doi: 10.1016/j.disamonth.2021.101272. Epub 2021 Jul 22.
Contrast associated acute kidney injury (CA-AKI) is a controversial subject in the field of nephrology, cardiology, radiology and hospital medicine. Much has been written and published concerning the causes, risk factors, outcomes, and potential treatments to avoid the ultimate outcome of complete kidney failure requiring dialysis. Over the decades many proposed preventative strategies and treatments have failed to produce a reliable outcome. Additionally, there is now a growing discussion of the severity and sincerity of CA-AKI being a major entity to worry about for patients. We discuss the present state of CA-AKI and highlight potential risk factors and possible therapeutic interventions to minimize any impact a contrast procedure may have on a patient in order to maximize the medical care.
PMID:34304868 | DOI:10.1016/j.disamonth.2021.101272